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JPMorgan Reports India Index Inclusion Progress on Course, Majority of Clients Prepared

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JPMorgan Chase & Co. regarding the inclusion of India in its emerging market debt index has sent ripples through the financial world. This decision holds profound implications for Indian bonds and yields, prompting experts to delve into the potential impacts and projections.


JPMorgan Chase & Co.’s recent announcement to include India in its emerging market debt index has ignited discussions within the financial realm. This pivotal decision is expected to wield considerable influence on Indian bonds and yields, drawing attention from experts and investors alike. With anticipation mounting over the potential influx of foreign investment and its ramifications for the Indian economy, the stage is set for a transformative shift in the country’s financial landscape. In this article, we delve into the implications of JPMorgan’s initiative and explore the projected outcomes for Indian assets in the wake of this inclusion.

JPMorgan’s Initiative and Market Response

In September 2023, JPMorgan unveiled its plan to incorporate India into its emerging market bond index, scheduled to commence in June of the following year. Gloria Kim, the firm’s global head of index research, expressed optimism about the market’s reaction, citing positive feedback from clients. This move is expected to attract substantial foreign investment, with an estimated influx ranging between $20 billion and $25 billion into the Indian bond market.

Since the announcement, Indian sovereign bonds have already witnessed around $8 billion in inflows, particularly in Fully Accessible Route securities. The decision by Bloomberg Index Services Ltd. to include India in its emerging markets index from January further underscores the growing importance of the Indian market on a global scale.

Impact on Indian Assets

Including Indian bonds in global indices like JPMorgan GBI-EM is expected to trigger significant foreign inflows, potentially amounting to $30-40 billion. This influx will likely enhance market liquidity and exert downward pressure on bond yields, thereby reducing India’s borrowing costs. Additionally, strengthening the rupee against major currencies is anticipated, bolstering the country’s economic position.

Atul Parakh, CEO of Bigul, emphasizes India’s ability to implement regulatory reforms and maintain fiscal discipline to capitalize on this opportunity. External factors such as US interest rates and emerging market sentiment will also be crucial in shaping investment flows into India.

Expert Insights and Projections

Analysts foresee various scenarios regarding Indian bond yields in light of these developments. Premal Kamdar from UBS Securities India anticipates a gradual decline of 50–75 basis points in the 10-year Indian bond yield by the end of the next financial year. This projection is supported by resilient macroeconomic conditions and fiscal consolidation efforts, coupled with increased foreign portfolio investment (FPI) inflows driven by index inclusions.

Puneet Pal, Head of Fixed Income at PGIM India Mutual Fund, expects long bond yields to stabilize in the short term before gradually decreasing over the next year. He advises investors to consider funds with medium to long-term horizons, emphasizing the potential benefits of duration and sovereign holdings. Dynamic bond and gilt funds have also been identified as promising investment avenues in the current landscape.

RBI’s Policy Outlook

Meanwhile, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) is expected to maintain its current policy stance in the foreseeable future. Given the prevailing global and domestic macroeconomic conditions, analysts foresee limited room for rate cuts in the current year. However, a shallow rate-cut cycle of 50 basis points by the RBI is anticipated to commence in 2025, reflecting the cautious approach towards monetary policy adjustments.



JPMorgan’s decision to include India in its emerging market debt index marks a significant milestone for the Indian financial market. The anticipated foreign investment inflows and subsequent impact on bond yields are poised to reshape the investment landscape in India. However, realizing these benefits hinges on India’s ability to sustain regulatory reforms and fiscal discipline. As experts project, the coming years hold promise for Indian bonds, with potential opportunities for investors across various market segments.

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